Civil engineering major
About the specialty
Civil engineering is concerned with building and constructing the infrastructure of modern man. It is responsible for planning and building roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, irrigation and agricultural systems, giant buildings, airports, buildings, water and sanitation systems, and everything that would advance human civilization, improve their livelihood and harness nature's resources for the service and well-being of man.
A source called Civil Engineering
The source of the name civil engineering goes back to the ancient centuries and the use of the word “civil engineer” as an alternative synonymous with “military engineering,” which was the most common type of engineering in the Greek and Roman civilizations.
Branches of civil engineering
Soil and foundations engineering: specializes in designing the foundations and foundations for various installations, and stabilizing the soil for pavement and agricultural works.
Structural Engineering: is concerned with the structural design of buildings and bridges, as well as building and construction systems, as well as studying the engineering of building materials and improving their performance.
Transport and Communications Engineering: concerned with road and pavement engineering affairs, traffic engineering, transportation program planning, and airport, port and railway engineering.
Water and sanitation engineering: It is concerned with controlling water and warding off the dangers of floods, constructing dams, controlling pollution, engineering water sources (wells, rivers, and lakes) and disposing of human waste, factory waste, and others.
The civil engineering profession has multiple ramifications and specializations, and it is difficult to limit the job opportunities available to a civil engineer because it includes the basic design stages, supervision of implementation, operation and maintenance of facilities. In addition, it contains engineering management, engineering planning and product development. Many civil engineers tend to work in the private sector, such as engineering offices, supervision and implementation companies, and general contractors. In addition, the public or governmental sector employs large numbers of civil engineers in city and municipal administrations, road administrations, and engineering departments for various government departments, such as defense, the National Guard, the Interior, and others. Today, we find that banking companies and institutions that employ funds and seek refuge with civil engineers for the management of domestic and foreign investment and succession.
The expansion of the field of civil engineering and the multiplicity of its subjects provides opportunities for graduates and opens wide doors for him through which to enter the world of employment. If you review the list of the 100 largest companies in our country, it shows that many, if not most of them, are closely related to the profession of civil engineer. Here is a list of some ministries, government institutions, and private companies that provide excellent career opportunities for a civil engineering graduate:
Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs - Ministry of Transportation - Ministry of Agriculture and Water - Ministry of Public Works and Housing Public Desalination Corporation - Water and Sewerage Authority - Saudi Aramco - Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC) - Saudi Unified Electricity Company
There are also many private institutions and companies related to civil engineering, such as:
Bechtel Company - Al-Zamil Company Ltd. - Saudi Ready Mix Concrete Company - Saudi John Brown Company Ltd., Abdul Latif Jameel Group - Saudi Construction Consulting Company - Saudi Oger Company - Amiantit Group of Companies - Al Suhaimi Corporation Ltd.
Civil Engineering and Future Challenges:
Did you know that water engineering is one of the branches of civil engineering and it is almost the most important vital specialization in our time and it is expected that the course will grow in the near future. It is no secret to anyone that the "water issue" is the issue of the hour for which countries, rather the nations of the world, began mobilizing human and material efforts and energies.
Did you know that transportation engineering is a branch of civil engineering as it includes road, airport, port, railway and transportation planning engineering? In the past, the rise of states and their decline depended on their ability to move quickly and transport, and this concept still exists in the modern era. The ability of states to defend their gains depends on their ability to move. Also, roads, airports and ports are the artery that carries civilization materials, goods and science from different parts of the world to all remote parts of the homeland.
Did you know that environmental engineering is one of the branches of civil engineering, as it is considered one of the most important disciplines, due to the global trend of concern for the environment. It is not hidden from anyone that pollution of water, air and soil is aggravating day by day, and hardly a day passes without hearing or reading news related to environmental pollution. It is the environmental engineer who is responsible for addressing and reducing environmental pollution.
Best universities for teaching civil engineering in Ukraine:
AN Beketov Kharkov National University of Urban Economy
Kharkivsʹkyy Natsionalnyy Universytet Budivnytstva Ta Arkhitektury